25 Things I Wish I Learned Before I Opened My First Brokerage Account
By Roger Nusbaum, AdvisorShares ETF Strategist
Brett Arends had a great post about what he wished he’d learned before graduating high school. It was a great mix of financial nuggets, points about not wasting time or money and some other generally sound ideas. With a nod to Arends; here is my list of things people should know about finance and investing before they start and should be reminded of every so often as they go along.
- Don’t rack up credit card debt but if you do, make a priority of getting out quickly and then staying out.
- Have an emergency fund that will tide you over X number of months but don’t put it into something that can go down a lot (or at all) in value. X should equal your comfort level.
- When someone wants to give you free money, take it…like your employer in your 401k. Put in enough to at least max out the match. If a 10% contribution from you is matched by your employer with an additional 3% that is like getting a 30% return.
- Fund your Roth IRA every year in addition to a 401k or similar workplace plan.
- Start saving when you are young, the older you will be grateful.
- The more you save the more options you will have later, you have no idea what the future you might want to do so give him some flexibility.
- Make an extra mortgage payment every year, the future you will be grateful.
- Live below your means.
- Have respect for whatever you did to accumulate however much you have saved. Your savings is one of hopefully several byproducts of your career, don’t disrespect that effort by speculating carelessly.
- A great advisor will absolutely have your best interests at heart but it is not possible for that advisor to care about your money more than you.
- If you are going to be a do-it-yourselfer, care enough to have at least some regular engagement with markets, investment products and your portfolio.
- Occasionally the stock market goes down a lot and scares the hell out of a lot of people. It has happened many times before and I promise will happen again. After it goes down a lot it will then make a new high, the only variable is how long it will take.
- Your ability to control your emotions when others have had the hell scared out of them will be a huge determinant to your long term investing success or lack thereof. (see number 12)
- You don’t need to beat the market. You need an adequate savings rate, you need to avoid panic selling (see number 12) and your investments just need to be relatively close to the performance of the indexes.
- Proper asset allocation is crucial. Finding out you had too much in the “wrong” asset class after it just blew up is a bad place to be.
- Avoid investment dogma, you don’t need to take up the shield to staunchly defend an investment strategy, a diversified portfolio probably means having several different strategies.
- If you come to realize you are too afraid of the stock market to invest in it then you need to be prepared to save a lot more or work a lot longer.
- Never confuse luck with skill.
- It is human nature to forget what large declines feel like and then conclude “this one is different.”
- Have some sort of financial plan, even if it is just a spreadsheet with projections and check it regularly.
- Be prepared to adapt if your financial plan doesn’t end up where you expect it to.
- Take the time to learn how Social Security works, it is far more complicated than you realize.
- Take the time to learn about the 4% rule and then remember it is only a guideline. If you have retirement assets in different types of accounts then tax efficiency may dictate depleting one account and then moving on to another and that will be uncomfortable.
- You may think you don’t need insurance products, and maybe you don’t, but take the time to learn about them so you make an informed decision.
- Don’t drink soda, get a dog and then get a dog for your dog.
Bonus #1 Learn as many handyman skills as you can.
Bonus #2 Never underestimate the utility of duct tape.